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Buy with confidence, excellent customer service!. Vignettes should be written from the third-person perspective, although the sex of the hypothetical patients described in the vignettes could be altered to match individual study participants;. Where possible, vignettes should contain standardized descriptions of hypothetical patients. Additional file 1: 82K, docx Sample search string and list of similar disorders.
Study and vignette characteristic tables. The three tables, separated by vignette focus i. Competing interests. HR and MO were responsible for the conception and design of the study, and HR conducted literature searches. HR and AJ screened papers for inclusion and conducted data extraction.
HR and AJ drafted the manuscript and MO critically revised the manuscript for important intellectual content. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. Harkanwal Randhawa, Email: ac. Aalim Jiwa, Email: ac. Mark Oremus, Email: ac. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Published online Jul Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer.es.zehurajewyxo.ml
The Encyclopedia of Alzheimer's Disease (Facts on File Library of Health and Living)
Corresponding author. Received Nov 18; Accepted Jul 6. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.
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Abstract Background Clinical vignettes are often used to elicit information about health conditions in research studies. Results Forty-two studies were included in the review. Conclusions Key aspects to consider when constructing vignettes for AD or other dementias include writing the vignettes from a third-person perspective and presenting hypothetical patients as being at least 65 years of age.
Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article doi Background Dementia is a condition affecting higher cortical and cognitive functions, including memory, learning capability, judgment, emotional control, and social behaviour. Study selection criteria The articles identified through the database searches were included in the review if they satisfied all of the following criteria: Reported data from a primary study; Used vignettes describing AD, another form of dementia, or a similar disorder in their study methods; Contained the text of the vignettes used in the research, or provided descriptions of the content of the vignettes; and Published in English.
Study screening and data extraction Two reviewers HR and AJ independently screened each citation found in the literature search. Results Selection of studies Five hundred and twenty-six citations were identified through the literature search. Open in a separate window. Study characteristics Studies were summarized into three tables Additional file 2 : Table S1, S2, and S3 based on the disease described in the vignettes. Study objectives The primary objectives of the included studies varied widely.
Administration of vignettes The majority of the studies administered the vignettes to a sample of participants from the general public or to healthcare professionals frequently physicians and nurses. Vignette point of view Six Table 1 Frequencies of common symptoms and behaviours described in vignettes. Characteristics of vignette patients Vignette patient age Fourteen vignettes did not present the ages of their hypothetical patients [ 21 , 26 , 29 , 37 , 44 , 45 , 48 , 50 , 54 , 56 ]. Vignette patient sex The sex of the hypothetical patients in the vignettes was not given for two [ 29 , 44 ] vignettes and was not applicable for the six vignettes published in three articles written in the second-person [ 13 , 32 , 33 ].
Patient point-of-view The majority of vignettes contained in the included studies were targeted to participants who did not have the disease of interest. Vignette content The characteristics of hypothetical patients varied substantially across vignettes.
NOVEMBER 2012 COMMENTS
Acknowledgements This study was undertaken without any public or private funding. Additional files Additional file 1: 82K, docx Sample search string and list of similar disorders. Additional file 2: Tables S1-S3. Footnotes Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
Chronic Diseases: An Encyclopedia of Causes, Effects, and Treatments - Greenwood - ABC-CLIO
Contributor Information Harkanwal Randhawa, Email: ac. References 1.
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J Alzheimers Dis. Severity of dementia, anosognosia, and depression in relation to the quality of life of patients with Alzheimer disease: discrepancies between patients and caregivers. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry.